Spearmint

  • Plant Type: Perennial, zones 3 to 7
  • Sun: Full Sun/Part Shade
  • Plant Size: 24 inches tall and wide
  • Culinary Use: Fresh or dried leaves for beverages and jelly

Spearmint has strong flavor and fragrance that is released with simple bruising. It’s the best mint variety for hot and cold drinks. Toss bruised leaves into ice water for a refreshing summer drink or add to iced tea. Spearmint is favored for flavoring beverages such as mojito. Also know as Yerba Buena.

Mints are notoriously easy to grow, and spearmint is no exception. Plant in spring or fall, up until 2 to 3 weeks before first frost in cold climates. Spearmint tolerates light frost, but dies to the ground in winter in all but coastal climates. Fresh shoots appear in spring. Like most mints, spearmint grows rampantly, spreading by above- and underground stems. Contain the patch by planting in confined spaces or containers. Dig or pull wayward stems.

Plant Spacing: 18 to 24 inches. Plants Per Person: 1 to 2.

Secrets to Success »

Tuck plants into moist, fertile soil in part shade to full sun. Mints thrive in moist soil, but will grow in drier situations, although the patch may remain sparse. In early spring, fertilize plants with Bonnie Herb & Vegetable Plant Food. This organically based fertilizer is low in salt and won’t cause ugly brown leaf tips. Cut plants frequently to keep mint looking its best.

In coldest regions, mulch fall-planted mint after the ground freezes. If you grow mint in containers in areas with hard winters, place pots in an unheated garage or crawl space for winter. Or, pop plants out of pots and tuck into soil for overwintering. Repot in spring.

Harvest and Use »

Pick leaves frequently to ensure a steady supply of flavorful, tender new growth. The best time to harvest mint is midday, when essential oil concentrations are highest. Pick individual leaves or snip stems for a larger harvest.

Spearmint flowers in late summer. As flowers form, flavor becomes bitter. Remove flower buds frequently to preserve flavor. If plants do bloom and you want to make a large harvest, cut plants back by up to two-thirds, removing all flowering stems. Harvest from new shoots that appear.

Use fresh mint leaves whole as a garnish, or chop to flavor sauces, desserts, or beverages. To preserve mint, dry whole leaves and store in sealed containers in a dark place. To release flavor, break leaves just before using. You can also freeze mint, whole or chopped, in ice cube trays. Whole leaves frozen in ice cubes make everyday beverages feel like party fare.

Try these garden companions »

  • Pineapple sage and lemon thyme for whipping up fruit-flavored desserts.
  • Parsley, rosemary, thyme, basil, and onion chives for a traditional herb garden.
  • Bee balm for making a soothing tea or flavored honey.
  • Cantaloupe, honeydew melons, and strawberries for fresh fruit salads.

From Our Library

Login